Kenya unfortunately has the biggest urban slum in Africa.
The history of its slums dates back to the Colonial Era,
especially during the time the railway was being constructed.
Cheap African labour was essential,
but Africans were restricted from entering Nairobi freely, as it was
primarily a region for the Whites.
So, most chose to live in cheap and congested hovels,
which grew to become the slums of today.
Also, the soldiers who served in the
colonial army build their small huts in what is today known as the Kibera Slums.
The slums in Kenya population continues to grow.
This mainly is because of rural-urban migration, as people search
for better livelihoods in the larger cities, away from their
poverty-stricken rural areas. Kibera slums continue to grow as these people
It is about five kilometers from Nairobi Central Business District.
There is a high level of poverty in the slums,
and most residents live on less than $1.00 a day. Often,
there is poor sanitation, few amenities, and few schools.
Garbage is also strewn everywhere, and cases of mugging and
rape are common. The government continues with development
efforts by building clinics and cleaning the sewers,
but the standard of living in the slums is still very low.
The Kenya government has initiated systems that will reduce these rural urban movements and reducing the slums in Kenya. However, these efforts are still below par, compared to what is needed to eradicate the slums.